What is Microsoft Windows?

Windows History

Microsoft Windows is an Operating System made by Microsoft. Windows is used on the majority of computers today. Windows was first made in November of 1985. There have been many different versions of Windows over the years, including Windows 7 (released in 2009), Windows Vista (2006), and Windows XP (2001). While previous versions of Windows mainly ran on desktop and laptop computers, Windows 8 is also designed to run on tablets. Because of this, the interface has been simplified so it will work with touchscreens.

Windows’ key benefits and characteristics

Enables a user to cooperate with the computer (by the keyboard, mouse, microphone, etc.).
Manages the storage of data (images, files, music).
Controls hardware assigned to the computer such as webcams, scanners, and printers.
Helps to open and close applications (word processors, games, photo editors, etc.), and gives them the role of the computer’s memory to permit them to work.
Controls what access to a computer several users have and the computer’s protection.
Ventures with errors and users directions, and issues simple error messages.
Increases multitasking by letting the user make several things on the computer at once – for example, view a video while composing a report.

Windows 10

windows 10 is a Microsoft operating system for personal computers, tablets, embedded devices and internet of things devices.

Microsoft issued Windows 10 in July 2015 as a follow-up to Windows 8. The company has said it will update Windows 10 in perpetuity rather than deliver a new, full-fledged operating system as a replacement.
Anyone choosing Windows 10 can upgrade legacy computers directly from Windows 7 or Windows 8 to Windows 10 without re-imaging or conducting impertinent and time-consuming system wipes and upgrade methods. To upgrade from a prior version of Windows 10, IT or users run the Windows 10 OS installer, which gives any applications and software on the earlier OS, as well as settings and preferences over to Windows 10. Businesses and users can separate and choose how they will reinforce and update Windows 10. IT or users can obtain a Windows 10 upgrade through the Windows Update Assistant to manually start an upgrade or wait for Windows Update to offer an upgrade when it is set to run.

Windows 10 features built-in abilities that allow corporate IT departments to use mobile device management (MDM) software to ensure and control devices running the operating system. Participating organizations can use conventional desktop management software such as Microsoft System Center Configuration Manager.

Windows 10 Mobile is a version of the operating system Microsoft designed specifically for smartphones.

Windows 10 features

The familiar Start Menu, which Microsoft replaced with Live Tiles in Windows 8, returned in Windows 10. Users can still access Live Tiles and the touch-centric Metro interface from a panel on the right side of the Start Menu, however.
Microsoft Windows 10 Continuum allows users to toggle between touchscreen and keyboard interfaces on devices that offer both. Continuum automatically detects the presence of a keyboard and orients the interface to match.

Windows 10’s interspersed search feature empowers users to search all local locations, as well as the web concurrently.

Microsoft Edge debuted with Windows 10 and succeeds Internet Explorer as the default web browser. Edge covers tools such as Web Notes, which allows users to mark up websites, and Reading View, which allows users to view certain websites without the clutter of ads. The browser integrates directly with Cortana, Microsoft’s digital assistant, which is also embedded within Windows 10.

Cortana combines immediately with the Bing search engine and encourages both text and voice input. It tracks and analyzes location services, communication history, email and text messages, speech and input personalization, services and applications, and browsing and search history in an effort to customize the OS experience to best suit users’ needs. IT professionals can disable Cortana and some of its features with Group Policy settings.

Windows 8

One of the problems that have been on our minds since they first previewed this new interface was whether this will keep bogging Windows down with more running processes and whether operating a full Windows desktop on a low-powered tablet was really a good idea (after all, we’ve seen Windows run on netbooks).

Windows 8‘s lock screen is pretty much what you’d expect: it’s got a beautiful picture along with a few small widgets full of knowledge, like the time, how many emails you have, and so on. You can swipe up to unlock, or press the spacebar if you’re on a desktop keyboard. You can then proceed to type your normal password, or use one of Windows 8’s “picture passwords,” which let you swipe or draw an ideal gesture that only you know, using your lock screen photo as reference, to let yourself in (though this is really better on tablets than it is on a PC). For example, in Microsoft’s initial demo, they used a photo of a person, and the password was to tap on their nose and swipe left across their arm).

Once you log in, you’re taken to Windows 8’s new Start screen, which replaces the old Start menu. The screen should be familiar to Windows Phone users: You’ve got a set of tiles, each of which represents an application, and many of which show information and notifications that correspond to the app. For example, your email tile will tell you how many unread emails you have (and who they’re from), your calendar tile will show upcoming events, your music tile will show you what’s playing, and so on. You can also create tiles for games, contacts, and even traditional Windows apps that will pull you into the Windows desktop. The tablet-optimized apps are all full screen and “immersive”, though, and you can rearrange their icons on the home screen easily (just as you would on any other tablet platform). At any time, you can press Win+D or click on the Desktop tile to go to the familiar Windows desktop instead.

Windows 7

The Taskbar reloaded: Windows 7’s version of the Taskbar is less cluttered than Vista’s, and it handles both running and nonrunning apps with equal aplomb.

Slicker, quicker Taskbar Previews: Now they show you all of an application’s open windows, all at once.

The convenience of Jump Lists: These context-sensitive Taskbar menus let you start accomplishing things in applications before you even open them.

Reasonable hardware requirements: Historically, new versions of Windows have gobbled up twice the amount of CPU power and RAM that their predecessors did. But Windows 7 runs a bit better than Vista on the same system; it’s even tolerable on a netbook.

The potential of touch: Windows 7’s support for multitouch input doesn’t change anything overnight–but it does lay necessary groundwork for third-party developers to build their own software. If they build killer touch apps, Windows 7 deserves some of the credit.

For more information about Windows 7, sign up for PC World’s Windows News and Tips newsletter. And for comprehensive, straightforward advice and tips that can help you get the most out of the new operating system, order PC World’s Windows 7 Superguide, on CD-ROM or in a convenient, downloadable PDF file.